Christopher, Christopher, What Will You Be?


I do not think the whole world could have been as heavy on my shoulders as you were. I am Christ your king, whom you are serving by this work. Brought before the local king, he refused to sacrifice to the pagan gods. The king tried to win him by riches and by sending two beautiful women to tempt him.

Christopher converted the women to Christianity, as he had already converted thousands in the city. The king ordered him to be killed. Various attempts failed, but finally Christopher was beheaded. Historical examination of the legends suggests Reprobus Christopher lived during the Christian persecutions of the Roman emperor Decius to , and that he was captured and martyred by the governor of Antioch.

Christopher's remains were possibly taken to Alexandria by Peter of Attalia where he may have become identified with the Egyptian martyr Saint Menas. The legend of Saint Christopher records two important historical facts that identify him with the historical Saint Menas. Cohors tertia Valeria Marmantarum , a military unit of Northern Africa of Marmarica between modern day Libya and Egypt , recruited by none other than the Emperor Diocletian.

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Saint Christopher is venerated by several Christian denominations as a martyr killed in the Christopher asked him how he could serve Christ. When the hermit I am Christ your king, whom you are serving by this work." The child then. Official youtube channel for Danish pop singer Christopher. Subscribe to the Your browser does not currently recognize any of the video formats available. Click here to visit .. Christopher - Told you so (Album ) Play all. Play next.

The martyrdom of Saint Menas corresponds to the details of the legend of Saint Christopher. The theory that identifies the two saints as one and the same concludes that the name "Christopher" meaning "Christ-bearer" was a title given to the name of the valiant Menas who died in Antioch. Since he was not a native of that land, his name was not known and so he was simply revered by his generic title: The liturgical reading and hymns refer to his imprisonment by Decius who tempts Christopher with harlots before ordering his beheading.

Thou who wast terrifying both in strength and in countenance, for thy Creator's sake thou didst surrender thyself willingly to them that sought thee; for thou didst persuade both them and the women that sought to arouse in thee the fire of lust, and they followed thee in the path of martyrdom. And in torments thou didst prove to be courageous.

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Wherefore, we have gained thee as our great protector, O great Christopher. The Roman Martyrology remembers him on 25 July. By his commemoration had been extended to all Masses, but it was dropped in as part of the general reorganization of the calendar of the Roman rite as mandated by the motu proprio , Mysterii Paschalis. His commemoration was described to be not of Roman tradition, in view of the relatively late date about and limited manner in which it was accepted into the Roman calendar, [14] but his feast continues to be observed locally.

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According to church tradition, a bishop showed the relics from the city wall in in order to end a siege of the city by an Italo-Norman army. Christopher's name and image are commonly worn as pendants , especially by travelers, to show devotion and as a request for his blessing. Miniature statues are frequently displayed in automobiles. Christopher, you won't die in an accident".

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Christopher is a widely popular saint, especially revered by athletes, mariners , ferrymen , and travelers. He holds patronage of things related to travel and travelers — against lightning and pestilence — and patronage for archers ; bachelors ; boatmen; soldiers; bookbinders ; epilepsy ; floods; fruit dealers; fullers ; gardeners ; a holy death; mariners; market carriers; motorists and drivers; sailors; storms; surfers; [19] toothache ; mountaineering; and transportation workers.

Christopher is the patron saint of many places, including: Christopher offered protection to travelers and against sudden death, many churches placed images or statues of him, usually opposite the south door, so he could be easily seen. Christopher than of any other saint; [15] in , Mrs. Collier, writing for the British Archaeological Association , reported paintings, statues, and other representations of the saint, outnumbering all others except for the Virgin Mary. In Eastern Orthodox iconography and sometimes in the Western , Saint Christopher is sometimes represented with the head of a dog.

The background to the dog-headed Christopher is laid in the reign of the Emperor Diocletian , when a man named Reprebus , Rebrebus or Reprobus was captured in combat against tribes dwelling to the west of Egypt in Cyrenaica. To the unit of soldiers, according to the hagiographic narrative , was assigned the name numerus Marmaritarum or "Unit of the Marmaritae", which suggests an otherwise-unidentified "Marmaritae" perhaps the same as the Marmaricae Berber tribe of Cyrenaica.

He was reported to be of enormous size, with the head of a dog instead of a man, apparently a characteristic of the Marmaritae. This Byzantine depiction of St. Christopher as dog-headed resulted from their misinterpretation of the Latin term Cananeus Canaanite to read canineus canine. According to the medieval Irish Passion of St. Christopher, "This Christopher was one of the Dog-heads, a race that had the heads of dogs and ate human flesh.

The German bishop and poet Walter of Speyer portrayed St. Christopher as a giant of a cynocephalic species in the land of the Chananeans who ate human flesh and barked. Eventually, Christopher met the Christ child, regretted his former behavior, and received baptism. He, too, was rewarded with a human appearance, whereupon he devoted his life to Christian service and became an athlete of God , one of the soldier-saints.

Saint Biagio's Chapel , Altamura , Italy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Reeve flew to Chile and helped lead a protest march. A cartoon then ran in a newspaper showing him carrying Pinochet by the collar with the caption, "Where will you take him, Superman? The script was one of the best he had read, and he unhesitatingly took the part.

The film was deemed an instant classic and was nominated for eight Academy Awards. In the early s, Reeve was in three roles for television in which he was cast as a villain. The movie got fair to positive reviews. It is on home video in the UK, but not in the US. In another television movie, Mortal Sins , Reeve for the second time played a Catholic priest, this time hearing the confessions of a serial murderer in a role reminiscent of that of Montgomery Clift in Hitchcock 's I Confess. In , Reeve was elected as a co-president of the Creative Coalition.

The organization's work was noticed nationwide, and the Democratic Party asked Reeve to run for the United States Congress. He replied, "Run for Congress? And lose my influence in Washington? This meant moving to Los Angeles, which would place him even further from Matthew and Alexandra, who lived in London. In Massachusetts, Reeve could take a Concorde and see them anytime. He declined the offers.

Reeve did not mind making trips, however; he went to New Mexico to shoot Speechless , co-starring Michael Keaton who, like Reeve, also portrayed a famous DC Comics superhero on film: Reeve then went to Point Reyes to shoot John Carpenter 's film Village of the Damned , a remake of a British movie of the same name. Both of these films with this title were based on the novel The Midwich Cuckoos by John Wyndham. He did research at a rehabilitation hospital in Van Nuys and learned how to use a wheelchair to get in and out of cars.

Reeve was then offered the lead in Kidnapped , to be shot in Ireland. He was excited to be going to Ireland, and he and Dana decided that they would conceive their second child there. Reeve also planned to direct his first big screen film, a romantic comedy entitled Tell Me True.

Not long after making these plans, the family went to Culpeper, Virginia , for an equestrian competition. Following the first Superman movie, Reeve realized that Hollywood producers wanted him to be an action star. He later said, "I found most of the scripts of that genre poorly constructed, and I felt the starring roles could easily be played by anyone with a strong physique. After considering it, Reeve decided that he would be miscast, and Lean went with his second choice, Mel Gibson.

Prior to the filming of Hannibal , Reeve was offered the part of primary antagonist Mason Verger, based on his work as a wheelchair-using police officer in Above Suspicion. Not having read the novel , Reeve was initially enthusiastic about the opportunity. However, upon realizing that Verger was a quadriplegic, facially disfigured child rapist, Reeve withdrew from the project in disgust.

The role was accepted by secondary choice Gary Oldman. Reeve began his involvement in horse riding in after learning to ride for the film Anna Karenina. He was initially allergic to horses, so he took antihistamines. He trained on Martha's Vineyard , and by , he began eventing. His allergies soon disappeared. Reeve purchased a year-old American thoroughbred horse named Eastern Express, nicknamed "Buck" while filming Village of the Damned. He trained with Buck in and planned to do Training Level events in and move up to Preliminary in Though Reeve had originally signed up to compete at an event in Vermont , his coach invited him to go to the Commonwealth Dressage and Combined Training Association finals at the Commonwealth Park equestrian center in Culpeper, Virginia.

Reeve finished in fourth place out of 27 in the dressage , before walking his cross-country course.

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He was concerned about jumps 16 and 17 but paid little attention to the third jump, which was a routine three-foot-three fence shaped like the letter 'W'. On May 27, , Reeve's horse made a refusal. Witnesses said that the horse began the third fence jump and suddenly stopped.

Reeve fell forward off the horse, holding on to the reins. His hands somehow became tangled in the reins , and the bridle and bit were pulled off the horse. He landed head first on the far side of the fence, shattering his first and second vertebrae. This cervical spinal injury , which paralyzed him from the neck down, [66] also halted his breathing. Paramedics arrived three minutes later and immediately took measures to get air into his lungs. He was taken first to the local hospital, before being flown by helicopter to the University of Virginia Medical Center. For the first few days after the accident , Reeve suffered from delirium , woke up sporadically and would mouth words to Dana such as "Get the gun" and "They're after us.

His lungs were filling with fluid and were suctioned by entry through the throat; this was said to be the most painful part of Reeve's recovery. After considering his situation, believing that not only would he never walk again, but that he might never move a body part again, Reeve considered suicide. He mouthed to Dana, "Maybe we should let me go. I will support whatever you want to do because this is your life, and your decision.

But I want you to know that I'll be with you for the long haul, no matter what. And I love you. Reeve went through inner anguish in the ICU , particularly when he was alone during the night. His approaching operation to reattach his skull to his spine in June "was frightening to contemplate. I already knew that I had only a fifty-fifty chance of surviving the surgery. Then, at an especially bleak moment, the door flew open and in hurried a squat fellow with a blue scrub hat and a yellow surgical gown and glasses, speaking in a Russian accent. It was Robin Williams , reprising his character from the film Nine Months.

My old friend had helped me know that somehow I was going to be okay.

Christopher Reeve

Jane performed surgery to repair Reeve's neck vertebrae. He put wires underneath both laminae and used bone from Reeve's hip to fit between the C1 and C2 vertebrae. He inserted a titanium pin and fused the wires with the vertebrae, then drilled holes in Reeve's skull and fitted the wires through to secure the skull to the spinal column.

He was given several blood transfusions in the first few weeks because of very low hemoglobin and protein levels. Many times his breathing tube would become disconnected and he would be at the mercy of nurses to come in and save his life. At the Institute, one of his aides was a Jamaican man named Glenn Miller, nicknamed Juice, who helped him learn how to get into the shower and how to use a powered wheelchair , which was activated by blowing air through a straw.

Whilst in Israel , Reeve had shown significant improvement to his condition. Earlier, he had shown ability to move his left hand index finger , later progressing further by regaining back ability to move his arms and legs to a certain extent.

In July , Christopher Reeve's continuing frustration with the pace of stem cell research in the U. During his visit, Reeve called the experience "a privilege" and said, "Israel has very proactive rehab facilities, excellent medical schools and teaching hospitals, and an absolutely first-rate research infrastructure. After meeting dozens of Israeli patients who had undergone groundbreaking recovery processes and made remarkable progress, Reeve was in awe [78] and described the feeling as "almost overwhelming".

He explained, "The research progresses more rapidly in Israel than almost anywhere else I can think of. The decision they made about stem cells, where they had a debate and decided that secular law must prevail over religious teachings, is something that we need to learn in the United States. When asked what Israel is doing that other countries are not, Reeve responded, "They have a very progressive atmosphere here. They have socialized medicine so that doctors and patients do not have the problem of profit or trying to get insurance companies to pay for treatment. They also work very well together.

They share their knowledge. This is a country of six million people about the size of Long Island , and everyone works together very tremendously. The people of the country benefit from that. Israelis were very receptive to Reeve's visit, calling him an inspiration to all and urging him never to give up hope. Reeve left Kessler feeling inspiration from the other patients he had met. Because the media was constantly covering him, he decided to use his name to put focus on spinal cord injuries.

In , he appeared at the Academy Awards to a long standing ovation and gave a speech about Hollywood 's duty to make movies that face the world's most important issues head-on. He traveled across the country to make speeches, never needing a teleprompter or a script. A Film About Abilities. He then acted in a small role in the film A Step Towards Tomorrow.

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He co-founded the Reeve-Irvine Research Center, which is now one of the leading spinal cord research centers in the world. This technology has helped several paralyzed patients walk again. Dana Reeve said, "There's such a difference in his outlook, his health, his overall sense of well-being when he's working at what he loves, which is creative work.

Throughout this time, Reeve kept his body as physically strong as possible by using specialized exercise machines. He did this both because he believed that intense physical therapy could regenerate the nervous system , and because he wanted his body to be strong enough to support itself if a cure was found. In , he began to regain some motor function , and he was able to sense hot and cold temperatures on his body. Louis , asked him if anything was new with his recovery. Reeve then moved his left index finger on command. McDonald would have been more surprised if I had just walked on water," said Reeve in an interview.

In , Reeve was elected to serve on the board of directors for the company TechHealth, headquartered in Tampa, Florida, which provides products and services to severely injured patients. While serving on the TechHealth board, Reeve participated in board meetings and advised the company on strategic direction. He made phone calls to the company's catastrophically injured patients to cheer them up. Reeve served on TechHealth's board until his death in Its mission is to teach paralyzed people to live more independently. Reeve said, "When somebody is first injured or as a disease progresses into paralysis, people don't know where to turn.

Dana and I wanted a facility that could give support and information to people. With this new Center, we're off to an amazing start. Reeve lobbied for expanded federal funding on embryonic stem cell research to include all embryonic stem cell lines in existence and for self-governance to make open-ended scientific inquiry of the research. Reeve initially called this "a step in the right direction", admitting that he did not know about the existing lines and would look into them further.

He fought against the limit when scientists revealed that an early research technique that involved mixing the human stem cells with mouse cells contaminated most of the old lines. He argued that stem cell implantation is unsafe unless the stem cells contain the patient's own DNA and that because somatic cell nuclear transfer is done without fertilizing an egg, it can be fully regulated.

On February 25, , Reeve appeared in the television series Smallville as Dr. Swann in the episode " Rosetta ". In that episode, Dr. Swann brings to Clark Kent Tom Welling information about where he comes from and how to use his powers for the good of mankind. The scenes of Reeve and Welling feature music cues from 's Superman: At the end of this episode, Reeve and Welling appeared in a short spot inviting people to support the Christopher Reeve Paralysis Foundation.

Reeve also appeared in the Smallville episode " Legacy ", in which he met again with fellow stage actor John Glover , who played Lionel Luthor in the show. This book is shorter than Still Me and focuses on Reeve's world views and the life experiences that helped him shape them. The film is based on the true story of Brooke Ellison , the first quadriplegic to graduate from Harvard University. It was one of his dream projects and he died during the middle of production for the film.

His wife Dana helped out, and his son Will was a cast member in the film. Reeve suffered from asthma and allergies since childhood. At age 16, he began to suffer from alopecia areata , a condition that causes patches of hair to fall out from an otherwise healthy head of hair. Generally, he was able to comb it over and often the problem disappeared for long periods. Regarding this condition of Reeve's and his appearances in the Superman films, "[he] dyed his hair black to emulate the look of the Man of Steel for Superman: The Movie and Superman II.

The Quest for Peace , [he] wore a wig" [] Later in life, the condition became more noticeable after he became paralyzed, and he would have his head shaved. More than once he had a severe reaction to a drug. In Kessler, he tried a drug named Sygen which was theorized to help reduce damage to the spinal cord. The drug caused him to go into anaphylactic shock , and his heart stopped. He claimed to have had an out-of-body experience and remembered saying, "I'm sorry, but I have to go now", during the event. In his autobiography, he wrote, "and then I left my body. I was up on the ceiling I looked down and saw my body stretched out on the bed, not moving, while everybody—there were 15 or 20 people, the doctors, the EMTs, the nurses—was working on me.

The noise and commotion grew quieter as though someone were gradually turning down the volume. In and , Reeve survived several serious infections believed to have originated from his bone marrow.

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He recovered from three that could have been fatal. In early October , he was being treated for an infected pressure ulcer that was causing sepsis , a complication he had experienced many times before. On October 4th, he spoke at the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago on behalf of the Institute's work. This was to be his last reported public appearance. That night, he went into cardiac arrest after receiving an antibiotic for the infection. Eighteen hours later, on October 10, , Reeve died at age His remains were cremated at Ferncliff Cemetery.

Matthew and Alexandra now serve on the board of directors for the Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation. Christopher was survived by his parents and Dana by her father. Media related to Christopher Reeve at Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the similarly named actor who also played Superman, see George Reeves. An Assortment of Famous Actors". New England Historic Genealogical Society.

Archived from the original on December 3, Retrieved May 3, Archived from the original on Retrieved November 3, It's a Whole New Old World. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. Reflections on a New Life Hardcover ed. Reeve is 'Superman' For Real: Actor's memoir filled with humor and courage. Retrieved July 9, Chicago Review P, Miami Herald , June 19, , pg 1L.

The Quest for Peace. Dennis Publishing, 15 Nov. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 4, Wikimedia Foundation, 24 Jul. Roles Rejected By Great Actors". Retrieved July 22, Washington Post , June 1, , pg. The Role He Can't Escape. The New York Times. Retrieved July 16, Archived from the original on September 21, Trip to Israel July ". Larry King Live, Aired July 30, ". Retrieved September 4, Bush Vetoes Stem Cell Bill. BBC News , October 23, Retrieved October 10, Paralyzed Alum Invigorates N. Retrieved October 14, The Magazine of the Unitarian Universalist Association.

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The Quest for Peace was an emergency appendectomy he had in June Though Reeve had originally signed up to compete at an event in Vermont , his coach invited him to go to the Commonwealth Dressage and Combined Training Association finals at the Commonwealth Park equestrian center in Culpeper, Virginia. Reeves's [sic] accident, it never saw the light of day. Many times his breathing tube would become disconnected and he would be at the mercy of nurses to come in and save his life. It is terribly important that you become a serious classical actor. A cartoon then ran in a newspaper showing him carrying Pinochet by the collar with the caption, "Where will you take him, Superman? However, upon realizing that Verger was a quadriplegic, facially disfigured child rapist, Reeve withdrew from the project in disgust.

Retrieved 28 October Archived from the original on 3 November